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OpenStax textbook licensing and customization

All our books are published under a Creative Commons license, which means that you are free to distribute, remix, and adapt OpenStax content provided you include an attribution that gives credit to OpenStax and connects students to the free online format. You can learn more about attributions, commercial use, and customization options for our books below.


We have provided pre-formatted attributions at the bottom of every page in our online and PDF formats. We ask that you include this attribution on every customized page that uses OpenStax content. (Please note that if you are printing pages from the book's PDF or publishing your adapted work in CNX, attributions already appear.)

To find your book's pre-formatted attribution, follow these steps:

1. Go to your book's Details page by clicking on its cover here:

2. Select "View online" from the Get the book heading

3. Scroll down to the bottom of any page to find your book's attribution information

Commercial Use of OpenStax Content

While all our books are published under Creative Commons licenses, some are CC BY and others, CC BY-NC-SA. Both CC BY and CC BY-NC-SA permit adaptation, but there are differences in how the content can be used commercially (for profit). You can learn more about each license and where to find license information for your book in our Commercial Use under the Creative Commons License article (

Customization Options

While there is no one way to customize an OpenStax book, here are some examples of how instructors have adapted our books: 

1. Links: To reorder or omit content, instructors have posted direct links to the sections in the online book that they would like students to read 

2. Custom Printing: To add, reorder, or remove content, instructors have sought out third party custom print options or simply printed our PDF, added/removed content, and then scanned their revised version to create a new PDF for students.

Depending on your requirements, you may be able to order a custom print through one of our partnered suppliers: XanEdu, LAD Custom Publishing, or Montezuma Publishing . Please note that all pricing, ordering, and shipping is handled exclusively by the individual supplier, and you can reach out to them by selecting the "Order from..." button on our Bookstore page here (

3. PDF Editing Software: Our PDF files have been edited using various software, such as Adobe Acrobat Pro DC. How they have been adapted ranges from adding notes to sentence-level changes and converting the PDF to an editable Word Document. Options may vary depending on your software.



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